Wednesday, December 25, 2019

Limitations of theories of sociology of deviance - 2475 Words

Theories of Deviance are limited in their ability to explain deviant acts if one adopts the view that these theories are universal. There is no universal, right or wrong theory, rather each theory provides a different perspective which only fully makes sense when set within an appropriate societal context and values framework . The functionalist theories share a common structural explanation of causes of deviance . They assume that conformity in society is achieved through the existence of norms and values shared by the general consensus and that a high level of social integration is required for society to function successfully . Mertons Anomie of Strain theory hypothesises that deviant behaviour is the result of a disjunction†¦show more content†¦The limitation of the differential association theory lay in the question: if deviant behaviour is learned and is indeed contagious, then why do so many in high crime areas, including criminals own siblings not become criminals? . Sociological conceptions, which regard an individual as a hapless victim of pernicious influences, are limited in providing a critical explanation of deviance, as they ignore the role of personal choice . When so many limitations of the functionalist theory are put forward it is difficult for one to submit to this theory as one of universal application. The conception of consensual norms and values presents one of the major limitations of the functionalist theory. By accepting the status quo in terms of core values, functionalist theories fail to explain how structural inequality contributes to deviance . Defining deviance as behaviour, which violates consensual social norms, also raises the questions of whose norms? Why are some norms more important than others? And why do some norms appear to serve the interests of capitalist governments and the powerful? . The interactionist theory regards deviance as an outcome of the labelling interaction process occurring between people . Thus deviance...... is a consequence of the application by others of rules and sanctions to an offender . Becker argues that there is no such thing as anShow MoreRelatedExplain why is it important to analyse deviance in society. Using examples to illustrate your answer, discuss what such an analysis can tell us about the social and political implications of deviance.1365 Words   |  5 PagesThe expression, deviance draws reference to frown upon behaviour in a social context; the breach of various concerted norm that generally exist in a community or in society (Newman 2004). Some types of deviance are determined by criminal law, others by social standards, morality, the expectations of certain social groups, the welfare system or the medical vocation (Roach-anleu 2003).It is subjective to classify what is regarded as deviant since norms and values vary across nat ions and culture. VariousRead MoreGender Norms And Female Deviance Essay1250 Words   |  5 Pagesthe norm in order to achieve some form of â€Å"liberation† from their current roles. This is the first part of Roach Anleu’s claim. That gender stereotypes lead to a certain degree of gender stratification. And for feminist theories, such gender stratification is a cause of deviance. When these gender norms are at work during social interaction, it becomes a variable for developing a social role which can lead to deviant behavior. A collection of norms form a social role and if a person deviates fromRead MoreSociology A2 Revision 2012 34479 Words   |  18 Pagesï » ¿ Unit 3 exam: Wednesday 13th June, am Unit 4 exam: Tuesday 19th June, pm Easter Revision: tbc A2 Syllabus: AQA Sociology GCE (new specification) Unit 3: Mass Media (SCLY3) Worth 20% of your final A Level Written paper, 1 hour 30 minutes 60 marks available Unit 4: Crime and Deviance with Theory and Methods (SCLY4) Worth 30% of your final A Level Written paper, 2 hours 90 marks available Timetable Use your revision checklists to draw up a timetable for revision leading up to the exam. MakeRead Morecrime and deviance4817 Words   |  20 PagesSCLY4 Crime and Deviance with Theories Methods Past Papers Use the following past papers to practise your exam writing techniques and aid your revision. Make sure you look at the mark scheme for each question to assess your answer. Also check the ‘model answers’ from students to see where good AO1 and AO2 marks were scored. Crime and Deviance Different theories of crime, deviance, social order and social control. The social distribution of crime and deviance by age, ethnicityRead MoreThe Causes Of Deviant Behavior, Psychological Approach And Sociological Approach1676 Words   |  7 PagesDeviance is a kind of behaviour which is contrary to the dominant norms and values of society. In reality, there are many different theories to explain the causes of deviant behaviour, including biological approach, psychological approach and sociological approach. This essay will be using two criminological perspectives which are the biological and sociological explanations to analyse the causes of crime in depth, and evaluate the two perspectives and the related criminological evidence. SociologyRead MoreDurkheim s Influence On Sociology1240 Words   |  5 PagesMarx, Durkheim, Weber had on sociology as prominent contributors of the discipline. Durkheim and Max Weber, Marx is seen as one of the three founders of the social sciences. Emile Durkheim, was a French sociologist. His theories and writings helped establish the foundations of modern sociology. Durkheim disagreed with most social theorists of the late 1800 s because they thought that individual psychology was the basis of sociology. Durkheim regarded sociology as the study of the society thatRead MoreCrime and Deviance4103 Words   |  17 Pagesfunctions and causes of crime and deviance within contemporary British society, yet it fails to account for white collar crime. Evaluate this statement. Every society is guided by laws and regulations, therefore, breaking of the law is known as crime or deviance. Crime and deviance will be defined with examples and how what is crime and deviance depend on culture and society will be analysed. Thus, a criminal act in one place is a norm in another place. Crime and Deviance changes as the society evolveRead MoreCompare and contrast two main sociological theories of crime and deviance.1636 Words   |  7 Pagessociological theories of crime and deviance. Deviance and crime are wide-ranging terms used by sociologists to refer to behavior that varies, in some way, from a social norm.  Cultural Norms are societys propensity towards certain ideals; their aversion from others; and their standard, ritualistic practices. Essentially the norm is a summation of typical activities and beliefs of group of people.  This essay will evaluate the sociological theories associated with crime and deviance and to compareRead MoreExercise 3: White Collar Crime. In A Looking Glass Of A1448 Words   |  6 Pagesbe considered a white collar crime. There by contributing to white collar crime because states have as grey of spectrum to commit these crimes as well. Libor scandal can also be associated with: strain theory, differential association, conflict theory, and control theory. Strain theory: â€Å"a theory that addresses the relationship between having socially acceptable goals and having socially acceptable means to reach those goals.† (Mcbride, James) Inferring, that the Libor Scandal had to get approvedRead MoreGeneral Strain Theory And The Contingency Theory Essay980 Words   |  4 PagesThis theory analysis paper will be discussing The General Strain Theory and The Contingency Theory. This paper will provide the reader with a brief summary of each theory so that terms and examples will be understood by all. In this paper there will be issues that can correlate with each theory. I will also input my personal opinions on what I believe are the strengths and weaknesses of each theory in detail. Strain theory was derived from the work of Émile Durkheim and Robert Merton and taken from

Tuesday, December 17, 2019

The Holocaust .The Holocaust Was The Murder Of About Six

The Holocaust The Holocaust was the murder of about six million Jews (Meltzer 2) by Adolf Hitler and the Nazis (â€Å"Anti-Semitism† par. 21) that happened in the years of 1933 (â€Å"Introduction To The Holocaust† par. 1) to 1945 (â€Å"Introduction To The Holocaust† par. 12). It took place primarily in Germany, within concentration camps, ghettos, and death camps (â€Å"Introduction To The Holocaust† par. 1) run by Hitler and the Nazis made to persecute the Jews. The Holocaust was the persecution of 6 million Jews and millions of others forced to live in ghettos, deported to camps, and systematically annihilated until the Allied forces liberated the remaining survivors. Jews were moved to the ghettos because they were considered useless†¦show more content†¦21). Jews were moved to the concentration camps some time in January, 1933 (â€Å"Concentration Camps, 1933–1939† par. 3). During their stay Jews were forced to dig canals or ditches, build roads or railways, reclaim land, make airplanes, steel, munitions, and military clothing. Many Jews died, some by starvation or exhaustion, others were closed into busses that funneled its exhaust (which was Carbon Monoxide) back into the bus’s interior. Later they would be put into rooms that used pellets of Zyklon B (hydrogen cyanide) to create a deadly gas and suffocate them, but rarely ever did the Nazis shoot the Jews because they wanted to save all ammunition possible. Because of all this murder, bodies would pile up. First the bodies were buried in huge graves, then cremation was used, but soon the crematories filled up and the Nazis decided to burn the bodies in open pits (Meltzer 10-12). One of the camps was named Majdanek, and it was built in Lublin, Poland. Majdanek was one concentration camp with other forced labor camps considered as its sub camps (â€Å"Lublin/Majdanek Concentration Camp: Condition† par. 17). These words the United Stat es Holocaust Museum said about Majdanek stated â€Å"There appear to have been three gas chambers at Majdanek; at least two were shower rooms reconfigured for use of Zyklon B gas. At least one of these two was used to kill human beings. Some sources refer to a third gas chamber, which reportedly used carbon monoxide gas as a means ofShow MoreRelatedThe Holocaust Denial1324 Words   |  6 PagesGrowing up, people learn about the past of their own kind and of the world they live in. One reads history in books, hears history from parents, and studies history at schools. Knowing the history of ones ancestors allows one to understand the past and change for a better future. Significant battles, civil movements, and reformations teach people valuable lessons and help the society to improve. The Holocaust, one of the most well-known history events, represents a perfect historical example ofRead MoreNegligence in Reporting the Jewish Holocaust1123 Words   |  4 Pages The Jewish Holoca ust, one of the most horrific mass murders in human history, took place from January 30, 1933 until May 8, 1945. Hitler blamed the Jewish population for Germany’s downfalls at the time, and his anti-Semitic views eventually led Germany to create a complicated scheme of Jewish extermination. Over six million Jewish lives were lost in this mass murder. America, usually portrayed as the country that lends a helping hand to all nations in desperate need, did absolutely nothing to aidRead MoreThe World Of The Holocaust885 Words   |  4 Pagestraumatic period, Holocaust-was a genocide in which Adolf Hitler s Nazi Germany and its collaborators killed about six million Jews. The Holocaust was the systematic annihilation of six million Jews during the Nazi genocide - in 1933 nine million Jews lived in the 21 countries of Europe that would be occupied by Nazi Germany during World War 2. By 1945 two out of every three European Jews had been killed. But today I will talk about the Unit ed States’ Response to the Holocaust. There two main historiansRead MoreThe Holocaust : Its Causes And How It Was Carried Out1497 Words   |  6 PagesShawn Underell The Holocaust 21 February 2016 The Holocaust The holocaust is one of the memorable events in history and it is important to know some of its causes and how it was carried out. The Holocaust is a controlled torture that killed roughly six million Jews by the Nazi government, led by Adolf Hitler. Apart from the Jews, other groups considered inferior or anti-establishment such as Poles, Romans and gypsies were also killed. There were several reasons for these grisly murders, inhuman detentionRead MoreThe holocaust959 Words   |  4 Pagesï » ¿Year 10 Humanities 2013 Unit 2: World War 2 Task 2 The Holocaust The Causes of the Holocaust The Process of the Holocaust In 1933, the Jewish population of Europe stood at over nine million. Most European Jews lived in countries that Germany would occupy during World War II. By 1945, the Germans killed nearly two out of every three European Jews as part of the Final Solution, the Nazi policy to murder the Jews of Europe. Although Jews, whom the Nazis deemed a priority danger toRead MoreTerrorism And Its Effects On The World981 Words   |  4 Pagesits victims. This paper is going to define and discuss the issue of terrorism and explain the why is it so difficult to get a specific definition for term â€Å"terrorism†, while making references to some terrorist events and organization such as the holocaust, the black September organization, the boko-haram of west Africa and the al-Qaeda group. Major historic terrorism/ Mass genocide event has been as a result of differences in political beliefs. In most cases this involves, the left and right wingedRead MoreWhy is It Important to Learn about the Holocaust? Essay582 Words   |  3 PagesLearning about the Holocaust is important because it is a big part of world history. It teaches us about the traumatic events of World War II (WWII). It also shows us how people suffered, starved, and even died. Another thing it shows us is what events can occur when there is an abuse of power. The word Holocaust means, sacrifice by fire. We have learned many different things relating tot he Holocaust. The first thing is Hitlers Rise to Power. Hitler was a powerful and convincing speaker. HeRead MoreThe Horrors Of The Holocaust1605 Words   |  7 PagesSpeculations about the grim events during the very horrific Holocaust are unfortunately being denied stating it was not as gruesome as many may have stated it was or did not even exist to begin with. This is not only outrageous but disrespectful to those who lost their lives during the gruesome time. History states that the Holocaust was a period in time where a very fascist dictator, Adolf Hitler, killed over six million European Jews who did not fit the criteria of genetically having blonde hairRead MoreThe Horrors of Genocide: Night, by Elie Wiesel1699 Words   |  7 PagesSteven Pinker implied that, â€Å"As long as your ideology identifies the main source of the worlds ills as a definable group, it opens the world up to the mass murder of people† (1). Stev en Pinker revealed an interesting side to the controversial topic of mass murders and the causes of them. He revealed that as long as people in this world believe that they are better than other due to their race, religion, and everything else that defines a group of people as different from another group of peopleRead MoreHolocaust : The Holocaust And Holocaust1328 Words   |  6 PagesThe Holocaust The holocaust is a term originally referred to a religious rite in which an offering is incinerated. But today, has another meaning; is any human disaster of great magnitude and importance, mainly refers to the extermination of the Jews who lived in Europe conducted by the Germany government. Throughout the nineteenth century, the Jewish community was improving their situation and their rights equalized to those of other citizens in most European countries. But despite this, these people

Monday, December 9, 2019

Opportunities Provided For HRD at EY-Free-Samples for Students

Question: Choose one of the organisations listed below. Students are required to report on the following: Provide an outline of the HRD opportunities provided in the organisation to current or potential workers. Answer: Introduction Human resource management plays a pivotal role in the success of any organization. The career growth of employees is bestowed upon the human resource management of the organization. Ernst and Young is a global accounting audit firm that is also listed as one of the Big four organizations of the world. As a firm, it provides various opportunities to its current and potential employees for growth within and outside the firm. Opportunities provided for HRD at EY EY is a leading organization in the financial industry that provides advisory and consultation services to customers regarding their investments. The human resource department of the organization is crucial for the growth of its employees. Within the firm, EY has enlisted various policies for the development of its employees. Lateral transfers are conducted for job enlargement of employees and vertical promotions are offered so that exceptional employees can take increased responsibilities. It is also the responsibility of the HR to create an environment of learning within the business (Armstrong Taylor, 2014). Internal competition also helps in motivating employees for improved performance. Social welfare programs are also held across different departments in order to engage employees. Internal trainings are also conducted in the organization in order enhance employee learning and deepen their knowledge as individuals. The HR department at EY also takes responsibility of counselling their employees regarding their career options. These employees are then presented with opportunities which are best suited for their growth within the business. Informal learning at EY Informal learning at EY has been identified as an important tool for an employees growth as well as motivation. Informal learning is a form of self-directed learning that is not formally designed or implemented compulsorily in the business (Rooney Boud, 2018). However, organizations put consistent efforts in enabling their employees to learn through various informal sources in their tenure. EY Australia allows a diversified workforce where people from across the globe work under a single roof. Diversity in workforce creates an opportunity for learning within the organization and allows employees to enhance their understanding of different cultures and working styles. EY library in Australia provides its employees with an access to a sundry variety of books. This enhances opportunities for employee learning. The work culture at EY allows free mobility of employees across departments. These lateral shifts in the business provide an opportunity to employees so that they can gain a deeper insight about how different departments of EY function. Besides full time employees of the organization, student interns who are recruited are given the liberty to interact with anyone in the business and work on any project that best suits their career goals. A 360 degree feedback mechanism in also introduced at EY. This 360 degree feedback allows every employee of the business to gain a transparent feedback from their seniors, peers as well as juniors (Mahajan, 2017). New employees are given an opportunity for work shadowing wherein they quietly spend time with people who is doing a particular job in order to learn the work. All the employees have mentors who they can approach in case of any queries, issues or advice. Different programs have also been launched like Aspire Program and EY Vantage program. These programs are aimed at informally enhancing employee learning through activities, mentoring and on the job trainings (EY, 2018). The accelerated leadership program of EY allows exceptional employees to gain access to various forms of formal and informal learning in order to enable them to take up key responsibilities within the organization (EY, 2008). Ernst and Young believes that one of the key roles of an HR executive in an organization is to formalize the informal learning process within the firm (EY, 2013). Informal training is crucial for learning of an employee as this form of learning helps in differentiating employees from each other and allows employees to gain a competitive edge over others. This in turn enhances their chances of growth within the firm as well as outside. EY also ensures that appropriate training and guidance is provided to every employee as deemed necessary by the employee. Senior members at EY ensure that they assist towards informal learning of their juniors by actively involving them in projects, meetings and seeking their opinions. This form of learning allows employees to gain a firsthand experience about the job and also enhances their chances of growth (Garrick, 2012). Knowledge gained through informal learning lasts longer and has a deeper impact on the employee (Baert, 2018). However, it is important to note that informal learning alone cannot guide employees of an organization towards their future. Rather, it is vital for formal as well as informal learning to go hand in hand and enable the learning and growth of employees in the business References Armstrong, M. and Taylor, S., 2014.Armstrong's handbook of human resource management practice. Kogan Page Publishers. Baert, H., 2018. Informal learning at work: What do we know more and understand better?. InInformal Learning at Work (pp. 153-187). Routledge. United Kingdom. EY, 2008. Ernst and Young HR leading practice. Available at Accessed on 10 April, 2018. EY, 2013. Role of HR in driving sustainable business practices. Available at$FILE/EY-Role-of-HR-in-driving-sustainable-business-practices.pdf. Accessed on 10 April, 2018. EY, 2018. Learning and Development. Available at Accessed on 10 April, 2018. Garrick, J., 2012.Informal learning in the workplace: Unmasking human resource development. Routledge. United Kingdom. Mahajan, R., 2017. Importance of Informal Learning over Formal Learning in 21st Century.International Journal,5(2), pp.152-154. Rooney, D. and Boud, D., 2018. The potential and paradox of informal learning. InInformal Learning at Work(pp. 150-168). Routledge

Monday, December 2, 2019

Longford Response to the Film

This film provides several explanations of why Lord Longford decided to help Myra Hindley, a person who was convicted of multiple murders. At first, we would have to speak about his innate sense of justice.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Longford: Response to the Film specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More While discussing this issue with his wife, he argues that Myra Hindley was psychologically dominated by her accomplish, Ian Brady. In his opinion, this woman’s guilt cannot be compared to that one of her accomplice, and she does not deserve the punishment imposed on her. One may agree or disagree with such an opinion but this could one of his motives. Apart from that, we need to speak about his deep belief in the ability of human being to reform and to show the better sides of his/her character. For him Myra Hindley is a person who is still able to lead a normal life, even despite the fact she committed those crimes or at least assisted Brady in committing them. Lord Longford does not deny the fact that this woman did some very atrocious things but he does not want to deny her the right for redemption. This thought can be the underlying force which guides the main character. Besides, he vehemently objects to the idea of retributive justice, in other words, the idea that the key purpose of a penal system is to punish the criminal. This character believes that ability to forgive is an indispensible quality for any person and for any society. This is why he opposes the idea of punishment for punishment’s sake. Additionally, we need to show how the relations between these characters develop with time passing. At the very beginning, she seems to be of some interest to him but very soon this interest turns into compassion and even friendship. At the end of this film, we see that Myra Hindley becomes one of the closest people to Lord Longford. Rethinking a No-Brainer According to a popu lar opinion, lying about one’s credential contradicts the principles of integrity and violates the norms, established in the society. This paper is not aimed at justifying this kind of conduct. Instead, it intends to provide a feasible explanation of such a phenomenon. In the majority of cases, conservative approach to this problem utterly overlooks the underlying causes of this behavior. Very often a person does so in order to apply to a certain position or post. One of the most notorious cases is the scandal of Richard Bromenthal who falsely claimed to serve in Vietnam. The key issue is that in the modern world credentials can be the only way of climbing a social ladder.Advertising Looking for essay on art and design? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Unfortunately, sometimes people are assessed not according to their skills and competences but according to their academic background or work experience. For instance, in order to be eligible for a certain job, one must have at least five years of work experience; those people who do not have them will not be even considered for this position, even if they possess all the necessary skills. Therefore, it is quite possible that people will try to get round this obstacle by falsifying their credentials. To some extent, the society forces these people to act in such a manner by paying too much attention to the background, rather than to the personal qualities and skills. Finally, we may argue such emphasis on formality is an example of rule which exists for simply for its own sake. It does not contribute to the wellbeing of community and its individual members. Falsifying one’s credentials is one of the ways to struggle with such rules. Works Cited Longford. Dir. Hooper Tom. Per: Broadbent Jim, Morton Samanta, Duncan Lindsay, Serkis Andy. Granada Productions. 2006. DVD. This essay on Longford: Response to the Film was written and submitted by user Red 9 to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.